slavery

slavery
Slavery refers to a variety of forms of unfreedom, such as serfdom and bonded labour. However, it is normally associated with chattel slavery, in which the human being is a thing to be bought or sold, and does not have the status of personhood. Chattel slavery is thus distinguished from other forms of slavery by its property dimension. Slaves are not paid for their labour or services (even in cases where they can handle money or economic transactions). Thus they can be regarded as instruments of production.
There are both historical and recent cases of enslavement of peoples conquered in warfare. In modern, early capitalist situations, chattel slavery was used as an efficient (or, more accurately, cheap) labour system by the planters and slaveowners of the Americas between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, with the labour-supply ensured through the slave trade.
Plantation slavery could only exist through a codified legal system and mechanisms for its enforcement. These modern slave systems also existed in mining enterprises and industrial production. In plantation slavery the slave is the property of the master. By contrast, in the enslavement of whole peoples by conquest, the slave becomes the property of the whole society. The difference rests in the fact that plantation slavery is found in state societies and conquest slavery in pre-state societies.
There is a huge literature documenting the history of slavery (see, for example,, Fruits of Merchant Capital, 1983). For sociological and anthropological treatments see, New Perspectives on Race and Slavery in America (1986) and The Anthropology of Slavery (1991). See also cliometrics ; compadrazgo ; patron-client relationship.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Slavery — Slav er*y, n.; pl. {Slaveries}. [See 2d {Slave}.] 1. The condition of a slave; the state of entire subjection of one person to the will of another. [1913 Webster] Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still, slavery, said I, still thou art a bitter… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Slavery —    Slavery played a minor role in ancient Egypt, contrary to modern expectations. There was no large scale exploitation of slavery. Most slaves were acquired as booty in war or to a lesser extent from the sale of criminals or debtors. Most slaves …   Ancient Egypt

  • slavery — index bondage, captivity, restraint, servitude, subjection, thrall Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Slavery —    Slavery existed throughout the history of Byzantium (q.v.) as an inheritance from Roman times that the church tolerated. Prisoners of war were a common source of slaves. From the 10th century onward campaigns in the Balkan Peninsula (q.v.)… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Slavery — was often the fate of soldiers captured on a battlefield, as well as those captured at sea by pirates. The *AS enslaved many *Britons, most of whom worked on the land. Those who worked for the AS aristocracy within the house might well have had… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • slavery — (n.) 1550s; from SLAVE (Cf. slave) + ERY (Cf. ery) …   Etymology dictionary

  • slavery — *servitude, bondage …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • slavery — [n] state of working under duress or without freedom bondage, bullwork, captivity, chains* constraint, drudge, drudgery, enslavement, enthrallment, feudalism, grind, helotry, indenture, labor, menial labor, moil, peonage, restraint, serfdom,… …   New thesaurus

  • slavery — ► NOUN 1) the state of being a slave. 2) the practice or system of owning slaves …   English terms dictionary

  • slavery — [slā′vər ē, slāv′rē] n. 1. the owning or keeping of slaves as a practice or institution; slaveholding 2. the condition of being a slave; bondage; servitude 3. a condition of submission to or domination by some influence, habit, etc. 4. hard work… …   English World dictionary

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